SIGHTS OF MEXICO.
You are gathered in Mexico and are studying the Internet on the subject: what sights to see? To choose the right one, you need to know how many days and where you fly. If in Cancun and for two weeks, then Yucatan is waiting for you, what is there, read below. At the second and third visits, you can choose other areas and interests. For example, a football fan, it’s a sin not to visit the Aztec football stadium. Sights of Mexico, this is a fairly broad concept, so let’s continue to help you decide.
We will conduct a short overview of the attractions of Mexico that you can visit, and begin with the city of arrival, the capital of the country, the city of Mexico City. Mexico City has more than 24 million people, or one fifth of the population of Mexico. Mexico City is located almost in the very center of the country, rises 2234 meters above sea level and spreads over an area of 1.5 thousand square kilometers.
Since its founding in 1325, Mexico City has been the capital all the time. But first, it was called Tenochtitlan (“the house of a cactus rock”), and was the capital of a huge and powerful Aztec state and one of the most beautiful cities in this hemisphere. But I will not describe the history of Mexico City because it will take a lot of time and places, we will stop at the sights. Currently, modern Mexico City is a unique combination of Native American, colonial and modern architecture. In the city there are about 1,400 cultural monuments, 10 archaeological parks and more than eighty museums. They say that not one city in the world can boast such an abundance of attractions.
You can start exploring Mexico City from any part of the city, but there are places that are completely impossible to pass by. One of these places is Sokalo (Constitution Square) – the central square of the city, the second largest in the world. It was laid by Cortes himself, and stones from the destroyed Indian temples were used as building materials. The main component of the square is the oldest Christian church on the continent – the Cathedral. It was designed by architects A.P. Castañeda and C. de Arsignega, on the site of the main altar, not far from the ruins of the Aztec Main Temple with the adjacent pyramid. Not far from Sokalo Square there is a pyramid, on top of which there once stood the Temple of the God of the Sun and the God of Rain. At the pyramid there is a museum of the Main Temple. To the right of the cathedral is the National Palace, the walls of which are decorated with frescoes by Diego Rivera. Castillo de Chapultepec Castle is another Mexico City attraction. Next to the castle, is Mexico’s largest park – Bosque de Chapultec designed by the Empress Carlotta. On its territory there are a zoo and several museums, including the National Museum of Anthropology, the Museum of National History, the Children’s Museum and the Museum of Modern Art. You also need to visit the area of three cultures and Garibaldi Square. It is impossible to pass by such sights as the Basilica of the Blessed Virgin of Guadalupe – the patroness of Mexico. Be sure to see the channels of Shochimilko, where you can look at the Aztec gardens. Like five centuries ago, they are broken on rafts covered with silt and there you can ride on a traditional Mexican boat, listening to Mexican songs performed by mariachi. And of course, many more museums and even just hiking around the city will leave you an unforgettable experience.
Outside the city: Teotihuacan, it is located 50 km from the capital and is a real tourist mecca. Its pyramids of the Sun, Moon, Road of the Dead, palaces and temples are a unique complex, one of the best not only in Mexico, but throughout Latin America. Malinalco is a fortress located in the mountains southwest of Mexico City. Cities located around the capital also have their own, no less significant sights, these are Cuernavaca, Puebla, Cholula, Veracruz. Well, lovers of lying on the beach and hanging out need to visit the famous Acapulco, as well as to the south, on the coast of the Pacific Ocean, there are a lot of beaches for every taste, such as Puerto Escondido, for lovers of surfing or Zipolite, for those who want to relax and swim in some privacy.
To the north of Mexico City there are also quite a lot of architectural monuments: Aguascasientes and Zacatecas. Unique Natural Monuments: Copper Canyon. Beaches: Puerto Vallarta, etc. And if interest suddenly arises, you can go north and see one of the most dangerous cities in the world, Ciudad Juarez, but it’s better not to risk it.
South, these are Mayan pyramids. An hour’s drive from Cancun is Tulum, the former main Mayan port and one of the most famous archaeological sites on the coast.There you can see the Temple of Frescoes, the Temple of the Descending God, the Temple of the God of the Wind, the Temple of the Sea, as well as an almost 400-meter ceremonial center. 167 km. from Cancun, in the jungle, is the archaeological zone of Koba.