Why the tour to the tropics is dangerous This is reported by Rambler.
In winter, many tourists travel to the tropical countries for the sun, warm sea and ripe fruits. But vacationing in Southeast Asia, Latin America, Africa, or the Caribbean can be dangerous. Various fevers and malaria are common in these regions. About how to protect yourself from exotic diseases, – in the material of RIA Novosti.
Get ready on time
“After returning from a business trip to Cambodia, I could not bring the temperature down for several days. I was sweating so that sheets could be squeezed out,” says cameraman Vyacheslav Travin. “The doctor at the hospital where I was taken by ambulance saw the results of blood tests and was surprised that I still alive”.
Diagnosed with tropical malaria. Carried by mosquitoes. According to the doctor, if left untreated, a fatal outcome usually occurs after six to seven days.
“It was my eighth day, but I was alive. Apparently, the pills that the doctors recommended to all of us – the crew members – took before the trip,” said Vyacheslav.
Not only africa
According to the World Health Organization, more than 200 million people experience tropical malaria every year. Most often, tourists bring it from Africa (92 percent of recorded cases). Less commonly – from Southeast Asia, where a three-day variety of the disease is more common.
“It’s difficult, but it’s well treated if you see a doctor on time,” said Andrey Devyatkin, scientific director of infectious diseases at the Central Clinical Hospital with a clinic at the Russian President’s Administration.
There is no vaccination against malaria. But before the trip, you can take a course of special pills that reduce the likelihood of getting sick. For this, of course, you need to consult a doctor.
Another dangerous species of mosquitoes is found in Southeast Asia – they infect Dengue with fever. These mosquitoes are smaller than usual and bite during the day, not evening. They also have a black and white striped abdomen, and when they sit on the skin, they hold the body not at an angle, but horizontally.
Viktor Yaduha, who lived in Thailand for five years, fell ill with Deng three times: “Symptoms are like SARS, but without coughing and a runny nose. The temperature is 37-38 degrees. The aching in the joints is stronger than with the flu and the skin rash.”
In order not to get infected, you need to protect yourself from mosquitoes – wear closed clothing, spray repellents, install nets on windows, go around places with stagnant fresh water.
In Vietnam, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, the Philippines and the Dominican Republic, Dengue can also be infected. But this is not the only fever, there are similar ones that differ only in the severity of symptoms: Chikungunya (medium) and Zika (mild). Mosquitoes also carry them, so the precautions are the same.
If any of these three fevers develops, doctors advise you to stay in bed and drink plenty of water. This is not difficult, but it is important to ensure that the disease does not go into a severe form – with internal bleeding, which is just dangerous.
No vaccinations – get home
In Africa and Latin America, there is a risk of catching tropical malaria and yellow fever. There are fatal outcomes. And if there is no vaccination from the first disease, then without vaccination from the second, travelers simply will not be allowed into Costa Rica, Bolivia, Cameroon, Ghana, Congo and 15 more countries. Doctors strongly recommend this vaccine to visit several other countries.
“I went on a business trip to French Guiana, this is in the northeast of South America, and a couple of weeks before the flight I got a yellow fever vaccine,” says Maria Rybkina from Moscow. “You can’t get into the country without an international certificate.”
Wash your hands before eating.
In order not to catch an intestinal infection (probably the most common tourist illness), the specialist advises washing his hands more often.
And also eat foods only after heat treatment, drink boiled or bottled water and wash vegetables and fruits with it.
“Ice in drinks is a serious health threat: it is made from tap water,” warns Devyatkin.
And one more tip: on tropical beaches it is better not to walk barefoot on wet sand and not to sunbathe without bedding. There is a risk of infection with larvae of worms or worms, which through wounds can penetrate under the skin and migrate through the body.